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Minisol Fire Extinguishers for Protection against Fires on Military and Civilian Ships

November 22, 2023

OVERVIEW OF SHIPS

The ship is a means of transport that operates primarily in the water. Typically, civilian ships are generally referred to as “ships” and military ships are generally referred to as “warships“, small ships are called “boats”, They are collectively referred to as ships.

The interior of a ship consists of holding spaces, drainage structures, and support structures. it has a propulsion system that utilizes external and self-contained energy sources.

The most important components of a ship include the power device system and the ship’s electrical system.

The power device system is the core system of ships, Includes propulsion units, reduction units, drive shaft units, drive propellers, and auxiliary mechanical equipment and systems, such as fuel pumps, lube oil pumps, cooling water pumps, heaters, filters, and coolers.

The ship’s power station provides electricity for the ship’s deck machinery, auxiliary machinery in the engine room, and the ship’s lighting.

Other auxiliary machinery and equipment, such as boilers, compressors, lifting machinery and equipment, maintenance locomotives, etc., also play a very important role for the ship.

Ship electrical system includes the main and auxiliary engines as well as some other common electrical equipment. It contains more equipment, such as Life-saving equipment, fire-fighting equipment, on-board and off-board communication equipment, lighting equipment, signaling equipment, navigation equipment, cargo equipment, ventilation equipment, air-conditioning equipment, refrigeration equipment, seawater, and freshwater systems for domestic use, detection systems, breathable systems, etc.

The above has given a brief introduction to the various types of systems on ships, below we will introduce the fire hazards on ships.

FIRE HAZARDS OF SHIPS

Regarding the fire hazards of ships, there are mainly the following key areas.

The Engine Room/Compartment is Prone to Fire

The engine room is the power output place of the ship, It plays a vital role in the survival of the ship and the fulfillment of its various tasks.

The engine compartment always has a large number of electrical installations, various oils, and high-temperature heat sources, which is why engine compartments/rooms have always been a high-risk area for ship fires.

According to complete statistics, there are thousands of ship fires worldwide every year. Among them, 75 percent were engine compartment fires. Therefore, the establishment of a safe, reliable, and efficient engine room fire extinguishing system is the focus of the ship’s fire safety design.

Fire Hazards on Warships

On warships, there are similar fire hazards, for example, surface ships as combat weapons at sea, store a variety of munitions, including aerial missiles, torpedoes, mines, jamming bombs, etc.

The safety of a ship’s ammunition depot is a critical factor that directly affects the ship’s vitality and combat effectiveness, If a fire breaks out in an ammunition depot and cannot be effectively controlled, The consequences would be catastrophic.

In navies around the world, there have been incidents of fires in ammunition depots, and even ship fires and explosions at the docks.

Dangerous Goods Fires on Cargo Ships

Hazardous materials in containers on cargo ships are also prone to causing fires, The under-reporting of dangerous goods by cargo owners or irregularities on the part of dangerous goods operators often leads to explosions and leaks of dangerous goods, which in turn cause fires in containers and fires on ships.

Other Fire and Marine Accidents

Ship collisions and ship groundings are just as likely to cause fire accidents. According to United Nations statistics, fires account for 26.9 percent of marine casualties each year.

SELECTION OF SHIP FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS

Ship fires are a major issue directly related to the safety of ship property, personnel safety, and marine environmental pollution, For a long time, the main fire extinguishing systems for ships have been Halon 1301 and carbon dioxide fire extinguishing systems, Halon 1301 fire extinguishing agents have been banned by the World Convention due to their serious damaging effects on the atmospheric ozone layer; Carbon dioxide is an inert gas and is generally extinguished by total flooding, It has extremely low fire extinguishing efficiency and requires large pressure tanks for storage, with high usage and maintenance costs.

The environmentally friendly, non-toxic, and harmless nature of aerosol fire extinguishing agents perfectly compensates for the shortcomings of halon and carbon dioxide fire extinguishing systems, so using aerosol fire extinguishing systems on ships is a choice that will not be regretted.

Due to limited space in the ship’s engine compartment, distribution cabinet, control cabinet, etc., it is recommended to use a space-saving Minisol fire extinguisher system on ships.

For the engine compartment and other electrical equipment rooms, it is recommended to install a large capacity Minisol Fire Extinguisher, such as 3000 grams one and 2500 grams one.

For electrical cabinets and pressure cabinets on the ships, it is recommended to install smaller capacity Minisol Fire Extinguishers, such as 30 grams, 60 grams, 100 grams, 150 grams, 200 grams, and 250 grams.

In short, choose different models of aerosol fire extinguishers based on the size of the space and assign them to different systems.

If set up properly, a simple and efficient marine aerosol fire extinguishing system will be completed.

Minisol Fire Extinguishers are the ideal solution for protecting against fires on military and civilian ships.

vehicle fire extinguishing systems automatic for engine compartment

 

 

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